One of the steps to knowing the French pronouns involves knowing the English pronouns first. Not everyone can still remember what they learned in grammar lessons in schools, however, for those who cannot recall everything, understanding those in French is not difficult, hence there is no need of worrying. The facts that you use English pronouns in your daily speech makes it even easier to recall them. The English relative pronouns include words such as who, which, that, whom and where. In addition, it is worth noting that the relative pronouns serve different purposes. One of the ways in which relative pronouns can be used include pointing out clearly or properly identify the person or thing being referred to. The purposes of relative pronouns are to provide more information about the person or thing being talked about.
It is worth noting that pronouns can also be used in grammar to connect the dependent clause or relative clause to the main clause and also to replace the subject, direct object, indirect object, or preposition. There is no difference in the use of the French relative pronouns. The following are the words that serve as relative pronouns in French, they include qui, que, lequel, auquel, duquel, dont and o.
In this section, we will discuss how the French relative pronouns are used. The pronouns Qui and que can both be used to refer to persons or things. The main difference between qui and que is that the former is used for the subject whereas the latter refers to a direct object.
Lequel, on the other hand, is a French version of the relative pronoun “which” and it is used to refer to direct objects. When using lequel, you need to note that it follows the prepositions , de or pour and only used when referring to things.
Another example of French relative pronoun is dont. It is worth noting that dont is a French pronoun and when translated to English, it refers to whose, of whom, of which.
The other common French relative pronoun is o which is used to refer to places and times. For purposes of understanding, one may want to compare it with English relative pronoun, the pronoun o serve the same purpose as pronouns such as where, when or even which and that, depending on how it is used. Besides, you can use o as the question word where and the way it is used as an interrogative pronoun is basically the same as its use as a relative pronoun. When using the o relative pronoun it needs to cover both place and time in its relative pronoun function and takes the job of “when” as well, aside from “where”. By reading this article, you will have a clear understanding of the French relative pronouns.